The combinations of selected decking materials (reeded, shot edge, wide or narrow decking) with joists, are matched to appropriately carry span and weight of the decking.

The chosen timbers (hard or soft) equate to "operating quality". The types of finish are determined by the location of the deck; fully exposed to the weather or under a verandah roof. This will dictate to a certain extent the finish to the decking surface, i.e. painted, stained, oiled or left to weather naturally.

Appropriate fasteners, nails and screws are chosen to ensure durability. Spacing between decking timbers are important, as time has the potential to reduce the gaps, leading to problems such as water retainment, rot and debris.

Below, traditional jarrah decking.

Below is a cantilevered steel and wood deck.

Below is a nail less, clip down, composite decking system. It's a plastic composite that requires no nails, and uses clips for an unbroken, continuous finish.

More decking.



Vaulted type roof structures work well by lifting the overhead construction, thus creating an ambience of openness. The use of both shadecloth or mesh as an underlay, and polycarbonate overlay keeps the underside of outdoor structures cooler, whilst individually paneled frames of shadecloth or shade mesh means replacement is localised. The use of selected hard and soft woods in outdoor structures maintains durability. This combined with stainless, galvanised or coated type fasteners, ensures longevity.

Location and climatic conditions dictates the type and quality of flashings, adhesives and silicons to be used. The aesthetic appearance also dictates mood and feel to these structures.

Below, a bespoke curved pergola.


The aesthetic appearance of verandahs combine to create an excellent initial visual impact, as verandahs are nearly always at the forefront of a buildings structure.

The overall appearance of older style houses such as "Queenslanders", were enormously influenced by 360 degree verandahs. The appearance can be expanded by increasing the depth of the verandahs to 3 metres instead of the standard 2.4 metres. This gives a visual dimension which appears to gain a lot more the the increment would suggest. The elimination of posts to increase visual dimensions, can create dramatic lineage to the overall appearance.

Cantilever applications through use of roof trusses are an inexpensive way to create these appearances, with unlimited variations in roof lines to provide for a dramatic effect.